Sunday, May 24, 2020
I listen to the constant roar of motors as the dirt bikes and go-carts race around the small track behind me. For a few (usually uneventful) hours every Tuesday, I work at the ticket and rider registration booth; collecting money and making everyone sign the if-you-die-you-canÃ¢â¬â¢t-sue-us forms. As usual, I was signing in a few riders and spectators at my station; as I listened to my ipod in one ear I completed my task that I had done hundreds of times before. However, this time something distracted me, something that made me lose my rhythm in completing the current customerÃ¢â¬â¢s registration. That something turned out not to be the usual bike, go-cart, or anything with a gas or break. That something turned out to be a guy. He stood in the lineÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I was immediately taken back, speechless and growing slightly nervous that I would end up doing something embarrassing and I would never see him again. Unfortunately, I was correct in my assumption that I would embarrass myself, however I would continue to see him every week. I looked forward to just seeing his face or hearing his voice even if our conversations were all too short. Quickly, these short conversations that consisted of hello, good luck and a small joke were no longer satisfying. So one fateful day, I mustered up my courage and talked to him after the race. His mind turned out to be even more beautiful than his looks. We continued to talk for a few weeks and grew very close, seeing each other outside of the usual Tuesday night races. After about a month, we began dating, and I still couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t possibly believe this perfect guy could be mine, I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve someone this good. However, I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help getting over a feeling that I had ever since the first time I saw him waiting in line watching the motocrossers. I was falling in love with him; however it had felt like it had always been there. It seemed too foolish at first glance to say I loved him, but now in my mind I was beginning to accept this word to describe the feelings that I had had for him all along. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell him I was in love with him in fear it might scare him off, however only two days after I had determined love was the best word to describe this emotion, he confessed toShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of As I Lay Dying 1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNarrative point of view refers to the position of the narrator in relation to the story that one is narrating. As such, when evaluating the point of view of the narrator, one focuses on the relationship between the narrator and the characters in the story. There are three major points of view that narrators can adopt while narrating a story. These are first-person, second-person, and third-person point of views. Either of the foregoing points of views have different effect on the understanding andRead MoreSubliminal Context of Horror within Frankenstein by Mary Shelley833 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesFrankenstein deals wi th much. It has the obvious nightmarish terrors represented in the monster, terrifying in both sight and murderous actions. There however exists a subliminal context of horror within the narrative. The characters within the narrative reveal the moral shortcomings of humanity, and when stripped to its base constructs, amount to little more than what the monster becomes. It shows the psychological frailty of man, and when unhinged the dangers it is capable of. The civilizedRead MoreMy Life Experience At Holy Trinity Church Of Murree Essay945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn my own life experience, I became aware of my state of sin in my early teenage years. Through the ministry of the Word at Holy Trinity Church of Murree in Pakistan, I had a clear understanding of the saving grace provided by the suffering, death and resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. I embraced that grace in my youth and began a lifelong spiritual journey. I was baptized as an infant but was confirmed as a teen ager which helped me reflect on my sinful nature and the pardoning and loving natureRead MoreSummary Of A Scherzo For Sadness1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespoem consisting of nine stanzas that provide a narrative by a series of instances in time through concrete imagery. These particular images vividly display the female speakers internal conflicts with love and emotional state that coincides with it, implementing a tangible idea to rather abstract concepts. By performin g a deep explication and a close reading of the work, a deep-seated recognition of her experiences and understanding of the role that love plays in life is realized. Throughout the poemRead MoreSleeping Beauty Film Analysis1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmalleable. Therefore, it is beautiful. The Fall enters a paradox of RoyÃ¢â¬â¢s narratives, AlexandriaÃ¢â¬â¢s fairy tales, and the director Tarsem s stories influencing his film, and how their own personalities shape them. Not only do these characters do this, but all people do. The FallÃ¢â¬â¢s characters illustrate how a personÃ¢â¬â¢s own experiences and thoughts canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but melt into the tales they tell. One of RoyÃ¢â¬â¢s first, more personal stories, started out with him asking Alexandria, Ã¢â¬Å"Do you see the stars?Ã¢â¬ .Read MorePerception: the True Meaning of Identity1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessee sex as an empowerment on our human race. While Edwards argues that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s love inspires a fruitful outlook on a trivial life, Melville has no spiritual views and instead ignites his own reasoning to form his perceptions. WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of an American identity rests on an interpretation of sexual reproduction within our humanity. Children of Adam gives our lives true purpose and sheds light on the importance of love and procreation. After reading his poetry, it resurrected a thought I had duringRead MoreEssay on James Joyce1161 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGenius In short stories the narrator plays the most crucial role in the interaction between writer and reader. The choice of a narrator should help smoothly transfers the authors intentions. Joyces story Araby is narrated in past tense and in first person by the protagonist. Joyces decision to tell the story through this mouthpiece creates an avenue for Joyce to drive home his more complicated themes running through the story. The institution of religion is found throughout the entire plot asRead MoreChinese Cinderella1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesappropriately chosen. This extract has an autobiographical tone as Adeline relates her personal experiences. The words Ã¢â¬ËrejectedÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬â¢despisedÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëleft thereÃ¢â¬â¢ describe her relationship with her family and reveal the unhappiness of her childhood...like Cinderella. Her love for education helps her to escape to freedom. The 1st person narrative highlights the parent-child attitude and the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s character. The writer starts the narrative by creating a very dull, sultry atmosphere with the radio warning of a stormRead MoreOn Dumpster Diving by Las Eighner Essay1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAustin, Texas. Ã¢â¬Å"For three years he traveled back and forth between Austin and Los Angeles with his dog Lizbeth, earning what money he could from writing stories for magazinesÃ¢â¬ (Eighner 712). While living on the streets Eighner began writing down his experiences about being homeless down on paper that he would find while scavenging. This is what became into his article. Eighner and his dog became homeless again when a teaching position fell through and there was no income for him to pay for his apartmentRead MorePersonal Narrative: Happy To Be Alive Essay587 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPersonal Narrative: Happy To Be Alive People often ask why I seem to be so happy; my usual reply is because Im alive. It was six days after my eleventh birthday, so naturally I was happy, but by the end of this day there are feelings I had that I never knew existed. I recall my primary six teacher asking my class to gather round her as she had something to tell us. She said that a man had gone into a primary school in Dunblane and started shooting at innocent
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a school district is the school superintendent. The superintendent is essentially the face of the district. They are most responsible for the successes of a district and most assuredly responsible when there are failures. The role of a school superintendent is broad. It can be rewarding, but the decisions they make can also be especially difficult and taxing. It takes an exceptional person with a unique skill set to be an effective school superintendent. Much of what a superintendent does involves working directly with others.Ã School superintendents must be effective leaders who work well with other people and understand the value of building relationships.Ã A superintendent must be adept at establishing working relationships with many interest groups inside the school and within the community itself to maximize their effectiveness. Building a strong rapport with the constituents in the district makes fulfilling the required roles of a school superintendent a little easier. Board of Education Liaison One of the primary duties of the board of education is to hire a superintendent for the district. Once the superintendent is in place, then the board of education and the superintendent should become partners. While the superintendent is the CEO of the district, the board of education provides oversight for the superintendent. The best school districts have boards of education and superintendents who work well together. The superintendent is responsible for keeping the board informed of events and happenings in the district and also making recommendations about daily operations for the district. The board of education may ask for more information, but in most cases, a good board will accept the superintendentÃ¢â¬â¢s recommendations. The board of education is also directly responsible for evaluating the superintendent and thus, can terminate the superintendent should they believe they are not doing their job. The superintendent is also responsible for preparing the agenda for board meetings. The superintendent does sit in on all board meetings to make recommendations but is not allowed to vote on any of the issues. If the board votes to approve a mandate, then it is the duty of the superintendent to carry out that mandate. District Leader Assistant Superintendents Ã¢â¬â Large districts have the luxury of hiring assistant superintendents who specialize in one or two specific areas such as transportation or curriculum. These assistant superintendents meet regularly with the superintendent and receive their direct instruction from them, but manage the daily operations of their area. Small districts typically do not have assistants, so all the responsibility would fall on the superintendent.Principals/Assistant Principals Ã¢â¬â The superintendent is responsible for evaluating and making recommendations to hire/maintain/terminate principals/assistant principals. The superintendent has regular meetings with principals about specifics of the daily operations of their buildings. The superintendent must have principals/assistant principals that they trust fully to do their jobs because having an ineffective principal in a school can be disastrous.Teachers/Coaches Ã¢â¬â The amount of interaction between a superintenden t and the teachers/coaches in the district typically depend upon the superintendent themselves. This is a duty that primarily falls on the principal/assistant principal, but some superintendents, especially in smaller districts, like to have one on one interaction with their teachers/coaches. The superintendent will be the one who makes a recommendation to hire, maintain, or terminate to the board of education, but most superintendents take the direct recommendation from the building principal in this matter.Support Personnel Ã¢â¬â The superintendent is almost always directly responsible for hiring, maintaining, terminating support personnel. This is a primary role a superintendent. A strong superintendent will surround themselves with good, trustworthy people. While the superintendent is the head of the district, the support personnel are the backbone of the district. The administrative professionals, custodians, maintenance, security, kitchen staff, etc. play such a large role in the daily operations that it is essential to have people in those positions that are there to do their job right and work well with others. This falls on the superintendent of the district. Manages Finance The primary role of any superintendent is to develop and maintain a healthy school budget. If you are not good with money, then you will likely fail as a school superintendent. School finance is not an exact science. It is a complicated formula that changes from year to year especially in the realm of public education. The economy almost always dictates how much money is going to be available for the school district. Some years are better than others, but a superintendent must always figure out how and where to spend their money. The toughest decisions a school superintendent will face are in those years of deficit. Cutting teachers and/or programs is never an easy decision. Superintendents ultimately have to make those tough decisions to keep their doors open. The truth is that it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy and making cuts of any kind will have an impact on the quality of education the district provides. If cuts must be made, the superintendent must examine all options thoroughly and ultimately make cuts in the areas where they believe the impact will be the least. Manages Daily Operations Building Improvements/Bond Issues Ã¢â¬â Over the years the buildings in a district go through normal wear and tear. Also during this time, the overall needs of the district will change. The superintendent must evaluate the needs of the district and make recommendations as to whether to try to build new structures through a bond issue and/or make repairs on existing structures. There is a balance between the two. If the superintendent feels like passing a bond is a necessity, they must first convince the board and then convince the community to back it.District Curriculum Ã¢â¬â The superintendent is responsible for ensuring that the approved curriculum meets district, state, and national standards. This process typically begins at the individual building site, but the superintendent will have the final say as to whether the district should adopt and use the curriculum.District Improvement Ã¢â¬â One of the main duties of a superintendent is to be a constant evaluator. Superint endents should always be looking for methods, both large and small, to improve their district. A superintendent who does not have a vision for continuous improvement is not doing their job and does not have the best interest of the district in mind.District Policies Ã¢â¬â The superintendent is responsible for writing new district policies and revising and/or reviewing old ones. This should be a yearly endeavor. New issues constantly arise, and policies should be developed detailing how these issues will be handled.District Reports Ã¢â¬â States require superintendents to submit various reports concerning teacher and student data throughout the school year. This can be a particularly tedious part of the job, but it is necessary if you want to keep your doors open. Being proactive throughout the year and keeping up with this data as you move along will make completing these reports easier in the long run.Student Transfers Ã¢â¬â A superintendent makes the decision whether to ac cept or deny a transfer to potentially incoming and outgoing students. In order for a student to receive a transfer, both superintendents must agree to the transfer. If the receiving superintendent agrees to the transfer, but the outgoing superintendent does not, then the transfer is denied.Transportation Ã¢â¬â Transportation can be an enormous role for a superintendent. The superintendent is responsible for purchasing enough buses, keeping them maintained, hiring bus drivers, and creating routes that maximize efficiency. In addition, they must develop bicycle routes, walking routes, and snow routes. Lobbies for the District Builds Community Relations Ã¢â¬â A superintendent must build relationships with all members of the community. This includes parents of students, the business community, and those who live in the community without any direct ties to the school such as senior citizen groups. Creating strong ties with these groups will be invaluable when it comes time to try to pass a bond issue.Works with the Media Ã¢â¬â The superintendent is the face of the district in good times and in times of crisis. Superintendents in large markets will be in the news consistently and must advocate for their district and their students. An outstanding superintendent will seek out opportunities to partner with the media.Builds Relationships with Other Districts Ã¢â¬â Building relationships with other districts and their superintendents can be valuable. These relationships allow for an exchange of ideas and best practices. They also can be extremely beneficial in difficult times of crisis or tragedy.Builds Relationships with Politicians Ã¢â¬â A superintendent must lobby on their districts behalf on key political issues that will positively or negatively affect the district. Education has increasingly become more political, and those who neglect this aspect arenÃ¢â¬â¢t maximizing their effectiveness.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The writer of this case study met with client Maria Sanchez on February 16th, 2015. This client was referred to this writer after a recent diagnosis of stage 4 AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease by a clinician to assist with planning for her future. Upon initially meeting with this client, this writer could determine her demographic information. Maria Sanchez is married; however her husband is currently residing in Mexico City. This client is 68 years old. Sanchez has been living in the United States for the last 20 years. She is a legal permanent resident (LPR). Client has spent 17 of these 20 years in the work force, and paid into social security. Currently this clientÃ¢â¬â¢s only income comes from social security and from her daughter for child and household care (100 dollars per month). Client is currently receiving a social security check of 356.12 each month. Client has saved up 4500 dollars in the last couple of years. This client currently has no health insurance. Sanchez has been given a probable diagnosis of stage 4 AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Through the initial assessment signs of depression can be seen were seen by this writer. Client Sanchez has a very close bond with her family, and uses them as her support system. She will be going through the assessment process and interventions with the assistance of her daughter. This client has come into the office seeking help, empowerment and interventions in order to get control over her situation. This case study will go through her assessment,Show MoreRelatedThe Stages and Treatments of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Essay925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Stages and Treatments of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a brain disease with many different stages that slows oneÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyle and has no real cure. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer. The disease first appears around the age of sixty. Studies have concluded that as many as 5.1 million Americans have AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. A person with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s loses connections between neurons in the brain (1). Scientists do not know exactly what causes AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, butRead MoreEssay on Alzheimers Disease1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a form of dementia that gets worse over time. It leads to nerve cell death, and tissue loss throughout the brain. Over time, the brain shrinks dramatically, affecting nearly all its functions. It gradually destroys a persons memory and ability to learn and carry out daily activities such as talking, eating, and going to the bathroomÃ¢â¬ (What Is AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s). Early symptoms include personality changes, memory impairment, problems with language, decision-making ability, judgmentRead More Alzheimers Disease Essay1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Alzheimers Disease AlzheimerÃ ¡Ã ¦s disease is a slow, progressive, and degenerative disease of the brain. This disease is marked by a gradual loss of memory and other cognitive functions. quot;Alzheimers Disease is also known as the most common cause of dementia--a general term referring to the loss of memory and the ability to think, reason, function, and behave properlyquot; (Medina,1999). It primarily affects adults in their 60s or older and eventually destroys a persons ability to performRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease Is The Most Common Form Of Dementia1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is the most common form of dementia, which slowly and steadily impairs the mental function and psychological competence. Even though there is no cure for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, current treatment patterns and research aim to delay the progression towards dementia and the associated symptoms. The strongest risk factor for this disease is increased age, typically seen in individuals over the age of 65, but it must be noted that AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is not a normal part of the aging process. AlzheimerRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease And Its Effects Essay1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesused to describe a disease or disorder that affects brain functioning by a decline in metal ability that can progress enough to interfere with daily life. There are different forms of dementia, such as HuntingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s, ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s, Vascular, and Frontotemporal, but the number one type of dementia is AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. According to the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Association, one in nine Americans older than the age of 65 currently have been diagnosed with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is an irreversibleRead MoreA Research Into Decision Making For Alzheimer s Disease Essay1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntelligence refers to the ability to obtain information and apply skills and consists of different functions, memory, reasoning, logic; these are all controlled by different areas of the brain. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease inhibits short term memory first, before it conti nually moves throughout the brain, eventually affecting part of the brain that controls involuntary functions. With this in mind someone with MCI would not be able to make clear judgments and recall memory stored in long term memory. TheRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Progressive Disease1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease is a progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions. Brain cells in AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease dies and degenerate causing the loss of memory and mental functions. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S.A. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease is named after Dr. Abis Alzheimer. In 1906, Dr. Alzheimer noticed changes in the brain tissue of a lady who had died of an unusual mental illness that was very unknown. The woman sÃ¢â¬â¢ symptoms included memoryRead More Alzheimers Disease Essays1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a complex illness that affects the brain tissue directly and undergoes gradual memory and behavioral changes which makes it difficult to diagnose. It is known to be the most common form of dementia and is irreversible. Over four million older Americans have AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, and that number is expected to triple in the next twenty years as more people live into their eighties and nineties. (Johnson, 1989). There is still no cure for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s but throughoutRead MoreSmri Case Study919 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa whole the promise behind the uses of both fMRI and sMRI as biomarkers for determining and testing brain activity in individuals at risk for Alzheimer disease or already suffering from AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is great. Separately neither sMRI nor fMRI hold an advantage over the other when it comes to being used as biomarkers for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. This is because they really measure two separate things within the same structure. sMRI measures the anatomy and pathology of the brain where fMRI measuresRead MoreEssay on Alzheimers Disease1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, the most common form of dementia, is a disease that afflicts more than 4 million older citizens in the US. Alzheimers is a degenerative neurological disorder that leads to impairments in memory, thinking and reasoning. AD is the most common cause of dementia in older people, and mainly affects people 65 and over. Within the last few years, there have been drugs that can temporarily treat the patients, but it remains a form of dementia that is irreversible. The disease is very
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about positive versus negative liberty? Answer: Introduction: The basic concept of liberty is a difference between negative and positive sensitivity. The liberty which is known as freedom from disturbance and type of force into doing something or restraining is negative liberty,(Molivas, 1999) on the other hand liberty which means for freedom or decisions taken by the own or intentionally is known as positive liberty.(Nicholls, 1962) These two conceptions are logically not very big from each of them, but these two concepts of liberty become an argument in history that these two ideas are developing in the different type of many directions. If a single person who has most important part through which one must be free from all types of interference also appreciated by negative liberty and even one can live a happy and true life. Positive versus Negative Liberty: As per the positive views of being free, the self-determination is necessary. Freedom is not bad, but it should be taken in a positive manner only. If a person uses his freedom in a wrong way or uses it with bad intentions, then it is a negative liberty.(Miller, 1984) There are many different ways of thinking to see negative liberty is the absence of external limits, and positive liberty is the absence of internal limits.(BARKER and JAGO, 2011) For example, if the police make a rule that without seat belt no one can drive one car, bus, truck etc. and the person who takes a liberty drive his vehicle by not putting a seatbelt then this freedom is a negative liberty taken by the person. Most of the writers wrote about the freedom as natural liberty which would be most enjoyed by a single person according to his state of mind and nature. Natural liberty is defined as a power through which a person always thinks fit with no strain or any control from any other sources. In this power the positive liberty is used only for fitness of a person and his personality, self-determination or direction is a sense of liberation. Negative elements are also found in natural liberty. (Levin, 1984)As per the law of nature, this liberty is very limited, but this is effectively outside the general society and also becomes the matter of internal information as well as external concentration. So the negative liberty becomes the form of negative thoughts. This type of strained freedom is radically defective.(White, 1970) To get the other types of benefits the individual try to start securing its liberty and take place by entering into the society and start obeying all rules and regulations and its law. General liberty is a kind of liberty which belongs to a single person individually a society member. When an individual gets ready to agree with the law, it gives up their natural liberty due to self-controlled right behaviour to act as forward thinking fit and get something more and more valuable. Liberty is a concept which is consisting of a specific rights of contents. The absolute right of a person, in general, iscontents of civil liberty. The natural right of an individual is personal security, personal property and liberty which can be used by the person on its own. But in a proper way without ignoring the law. These rights cannot be counted negative but also positive these rights are not a simple right against the person who interfered by others, but it should be secured in ones life.(Buttle, 1984) The unreasonable interferences of government into the general life is also a negative liberty. The law which controls the normal man doing any mischief to his fellow citizens, despite the fact that its become less natural which increases the general liberty of mankind. On the positive side, civil liberty is rightly understood, protect the right of individuals in the society. The concept of liberty is protected in two positive ways. One, the traditional thought holds that liberty can not be maintained or support yourself at the basic level when there are no law presents, besides natural liberty is not bonded as well as not defined clearly. It is realized and determined that liberty becomespositive due to the law of civil society. Secondly, an individual can claim the protection in his rights from the community and society member. So in every manner, this is a positive right, which is claimed to society and the community to provide something to an individual is entitled. When a woman thinks that she is fit according to her body. Its her right,which includes many things as she wants to be pregnant or not. No one can force a woman into anything physically because this is her right and natural liberty too. As according to our law some of the women are very much harassed because of the interference by others in their lives. As sometimes she cannot live her life by her ways, which is a negative liberty. On the other hand, it is seen that negative liberty normally may be viewed as an extension of political liberty, which consists of natural power through which one can think fit and one wishes without any interference from others. (Pilon, 1982) Negative and positive liberty are not only two different kinds of liberty; but they can also be seen as equal to another, not able exist, for not explaining the meaning of one political ideal. Some of the people are against liberty, the way this term is clarified and defined can have important political suggestions. A person who favours the political philosophy of progress, reform and the protection of civil liberty. By social and political philosophers the difference between positive and negative liberty is an interchange of style and freedom. Some changes have even been made for the difference between liberty and freedom, which is not caught.(Becker and Crocker, 1983) The concept of liberty - you can imagine that you are driving a vehicle through town, and come to a dividing road where ever you want to go you will be driving and no traffic to speak of and police roadblocks, and diversions. So in that way, you will be the free driver. But your this dramatic picture seems to show about your confused personality while driving car moving and turning from right to left and then left to right, because of no traffic rules were followed by you, even no pressure of police on the road. So in this story, we can say, two contrasting ways of thinking of liberty.(Oakes, 1996) One, that whatever you want while driving, you are free enough if nobody is stopping you from doing anything. You were very much free in the story. On the other side, a person can think of liberty as he or she has to follow the rules and to be under control without any traffic light, traffic police or any type of diversions on the road. The truth of positive liberty is that some liberals suggest that positive conceptions of liberty carried out with demanding strict obedience to authority. Believe the avoidable events of a permanent and distressed small majority. Because all members of this small group take participation in a democratic process and think to feel free and self-controlled over its own. Positive freedom understood self-mastered and one person can choose from society will be governed. Both the conceptions of freedomare always represented valid human ideals, and the both forms of freedom are necessary for general society. The right which carefully thinks about fundamental for the growth of the personality of one person. So, without the liberty, that is without freedom one can not enjoy any others life which is somebodys right. Freedom or liberty is very much loved and careful right of the people.(Gray, 1980) Normally, in the general society the liberty which means free from controlled behaviour and the freedom by one. So liberty is taken as a negative and a harmful in general society. In our society, no one is permitted to act without a controlled behaviour. In other words, liberty means the absence of not only controlled behaviour but only those slaves controlled behaviour which are held to be reasonable. In negative ways, liberty is taken as granted and not as exceptional for self-controlled behaviour besides liberty can never be accepted by the societies. A negative concept of freedom gets rejected at living times.(Chandler, 1985) Moreover, the positive liberty under reasonable and logical self-controlled behaviour which are reasonable. It means freedom under the reasonable and necessary self-controlled behaviour is accepted by the law. So, these behaviour ensure the enjoyment of freedom the people. From civil societies, positive freedom can only be available to the people. Liberty is equal and acceptable opportunity for all the people to enjoy their rights. Liberty is a freedom of one who can express without any external obstacle in his personality. Freedom is not the absence of all self-controlled behaviour but to some extent the substitute of reasonable ones for the irrational. Without liberty, no one can live in general life in a good best way. Liberty is a self-maintenance of that atmosphere which is essential to keep the person best. For the enjoyment of right liberty is the totally essential condition. It a positive condition which is never absent from self-controlled behaviour.(Gustavsson, 2014) As a n atural liberty, it is very popular concept that the enjoyment of uncontrolled behaviour is natural freedom. When a man is born free, he has the right to enjoy freedom as he wills. All self-controlled behaviour deny the existence of freedom. The basis of liberty is a natural reason. Natural liberty is to be considered as imagination. Uncontrolled behaviour can create complete disorder. It is based on laws and rules which are real and possible. The liberty through which one can enjoy as a member of civil society and available to all individuals equally. Freedom and rights are equally enjoyed by all society persons. Uncontrolled behaviour is not a civil liberty. Civil liberty is totally different from natural liberty. It is counted under the law, create the enjoyment of condition necessary for liberty. It refrains from creating hindrances in the way of liberty for the enjoyment of people. Liberty can be compared withs many different ideas. The basic concept of freedom is a concept on w hich everyone can get agree. There is freedom to express their views, freedom to speak, choose, reside, explore, trade and to enjoy the success of ones hard work, free to accept or not to accept any ideology or faith.(Crowder, 1988) Economic liberty is defined as freedom for opportunities and daily earnings to secure tomorrow. If a person is free from hunger, starvation and unemployment, then only he or she can enjoy the freedom of economic liberty which is very important for political independence also because when people are hungry, homeless without earnings how they can think of enjoying their rights and freedom.(Insole, 2004) For independent nation, it is important to give freedom to the people of each state to constitute and organise their government by freely implementing policies and programs to pursue independence in relations with other nations.Religious freedom is not related to any religion; it is concerned with worship and faith. All regions have equal status, and religious people can spend their life with freedom. The liberty which is concerned with work is for securing the self-confidence, and this is main supportive of our moral values. Rights for every each person living in the society should have no class. Liberty always considered for equal rights without any difference. Advantages and rights are given to specific class are against the soul of liberty. It allows for some special advantages to taking from the section of society and protective differences. The essential safeguard of liberty is the establishment of the legal system. Both of them are attached to each other. Legal systems cannot be conceived without any presence of political, civil, economic and individual liberty. There will be no real democracy in the absence of the right to freedom. Rights and freedom of the people should not depend on the happiness and the will of others. The government should control exercisedby judging and impartially over every section of society to safeguard liberty. An action taken by the government must be responsible and accountable. Rights can also be given judicial protection too; it should be assigned for the responsibil ities to protect the freedom and the rights of the people. For following these type of functions, the judiciary must be fully empowered and free.Power should be secured between the executive and the legislature. Liberty will be dangerous due to a combination and concentration of these types of powers. Against possible dictatorship, it is necessary that power should not be centralised. Every person should be under the law without any bond obligation as no one is above the law. For the safeguard of liberty income, wealth and its resources and proper opportunities for livelihood should be fairly and equally distributed. Well, organized groups are very much essential for the safeguard of liberty. Social service organisations and non-government organisations can act against violation of liberty unitedly. Sometimes we raise an objection to using the word liberty. As an argument to the real liberty is the negative sort. However, libertarians take these arguments that positive liberty either doesn't exist, or it is not worthy to take care of it. But positive liberty must be named as power or capacity which cannot be ignored and must be recognized by one and all. It is evident that the two forms of liberty are related to each other. Positive liberty is exactly the growth of an individual who is free from developing determining his desire and interest comprehensively. Liberty isa self-realization exercised by both the individual and the community and always regulated by law.(Crowder, 2015) Positive liberty follows the ways in which desires are formed. Positive freedom is more difficult a norm to grasp than the negative liberty. The positive freedom is promoted to involve the claim how a person should live, nor it allow, to live life as according to the forced pattern decided by the society.(Christman, 2015) On the other side, negative liberty is what you arent prevented from doing. All types of opportunities may be open, giving you a huge amount of negative liberty, and still there are many hindrances to achieving the fruit of the opportunities available. For the realization of freedom, one should take care of that no outer forces should remov e ones desires in a positive or negative way. Conclusion: It is concluded that there has been an important talk on which form of freedom is superior positive or negative freedom. It is essential to keep the balance between the concept of liberty. What people are allowed to do to attain positive or negative liberty by living their life in an unconstrained manner?(Kaplan, 2001)Evidently, some balance has to stick between positive and negative liberty. It has been followed by many that freedom is there, but it must have some boundaries in some way so that its meaning should not be misunderstood. The liberty of some must depend on the restriction of others. References BARKER, S. and JAGO, M. (2011). Being Positive About Negative Facts.Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 85(1), pp.117-138. Becker, L. and Crocker, L. (1983). Positive Liberty: An Essay in Normative Political Philosophy.The Philosophical Review, 92(2), p.243. Buttle, N. (1984). Negative and Positive Liberty Revisited.Politics, 4(1), pp.24-27. Chandler, T. (1985). What's Negative about Positive Self Concept?.The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 58(5), pp.225-227. Christman, J. (2015). Freedom in Times of Struggle: Positive Liberty, Again.Analyse Kritik, 37(1-2). Crowder, G. (1988). Negative and Positive Liberty.Political Science, 40(2), pp.57-73. Crowder, G. (2015). Why We Need Positive Liberty.The Review of Politics, 77(02), pp.271-278. Gray, J. (1980). On Negative and Positive Liberty.Political Studies, 28(4), pp.507-526. Gustavsson, G. (2014). The Psychological Dangers of Positive Liberty: Reconstructing a Neglected Undercurrent in Isaiah Berlin's Two Concepts of Liberty.The Review of Politics, 76(02), pp.267-291. Insole, C. (2004). The Worship of Freedom: Negative and Positive Notions of Liberty in Philosophy of Religion and Political Philosophy.Heythrop J, 45(2), pp.209-226. Kaplan, S. (2001). Beyond Positive and Negative Liberty.Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal, 22(2), pp.165-183. Kis, J. (2012). Berlin's two concepts of positive liberty.European Journal of Political Theory, 12(1), pp.31-48. Levin, M. (1984). Negative Liberty.SOY, 2(01), p.84. Miller, D. (1984). A Rejoinder to N. Buttle: On the Connection between Negative and Positive Liberty.Politics, 4(2), pp.37-39. Molivas, G. (1999). A right, utility and the definition of liberty as a negative idea: Richard Hey and the Benthamite conception of liberty.History of European Ideas, 25(1-2), pp.75-92. Nicholls, D. (1962). Positive Liberty, 1880-1914.The American Political Science Review, 56(1), p.114. Oakes, J. (1996). What's Wrong with "Negative Liberty": [Commentary].Law Social Inquiry, 21(1), p.79. Pilon, J. (1982). The Romanian distinction between negative and positive liberty.Studies in Soviet Thought, 23(2), pp.131-140. Roxindole - positive on negative, negative on positive. (1994).Inpharma Weekly, NA;(962), p.8. White, D. (1970). Negative Liberty.Ethics, 80(3), pp.185-204.
Sunday, April 5, 2020
Waterfront Disputes Essay, Research Paper The 1998 Waterfront Dispute was described by John Howard ( the Prime Minister ) as a specifying minute in Australia s industrial dealingss history. It represented a alteration in authorities scheme from the Labor Government s partizan stance to the Broad Government s provocative stance. Discuss. a ) the extent to which this statement reflects the alteration in policy accurately: and B ) the extent to which this alteration affects the modern-day pattern of employment dealingss. During the clip period from 1996-1977 the Australian Government and NFF ( national husbandmans Federation, consider assorted option to replace Maritime Time Union Association ( MUA ) . They glad plan involved cooperation reconstituting companies using MUA labor in the Patrick Empire. Patrick and his legal adviser and advisers, consider assorted option to re-place brotherhood workers. On 7 April 1998, Patrick sacked its 1400 MUA work force at its assorted location across Australia and replaces them with non-union work force. Patrick Steverdorin ( formely Strang Patrick Retentions ) were backed up by Australian Broad Government, NFF ( National Farmers Federation ) on other manus the Stevedores workers had the full support of MUA backed by Australian Workers Union ( AWU ) , International Transport Workers Federation ( ITWF ) , coal mineworkers. We will write a custom essay sample on Waterfront Disputes Essay Research Paper The 1998 or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The authorities engagement in the company was because of two grounds ; hapless efficiency and low productiveness by MUA work force, comparison to international criterions. The maltreatment and breach of Australia Work Act ( AWAs 1996 ) to use non-union labour substituted with brotherhood labour was the cardinal features of waterfront difference. Mention: 1. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.workersnews.flex.com.au/wn/200398/web.html ) , 2. Broad and National Parties ( 1996 ) Conveyance Policy, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.liberal.org.au/ARCHIVES/TRANSPORT/trans.htm Svensen, S. ( 1995 ) The Sinews of War: Difficult Cash and the 1890 Maritime Strike. University of New South Wales Press, NSW. Yes, the statement stated above is true, the Labor Government was in a manner in favour with brotherhoods. Source tells there was close connexion between Australian Labor Trade Union ( ACTU ) . Hawke and Keating labour could non purse full deregulating the labor as concern community would hold liked. But they negotiated brotherhoods and ACTU and the award system towards decentralized enterprise dickering agreement was implemented. The 1980 besides saw established diminution in brotherhood rank, it straight related in weaken industrial power of labour authorities. There was as important alterations made by the Labor Government IRRA 199, when non-union endeavor flexibleness understandings ( Coullthard,1996 ) by this illustration: By the mid of last century, Stevedoring company had 25,600 workers. Because of International competitions and mechanisation of Patrick Stevedores, employers wanted a smaller but extremely trained, disciplined and flexible work force to increase productiveness and cost film editing. There was a struggle between the employers and employees because of the purpose of employer s to cut off big figure of workers. The Labor Government established an Inter State Commission ( ISC ) in 1986. The ISC produced an industry program in 1989 and a three-party organic structure, the Waterfront Industry Reform Authority ( WIRA ) , was established to implement it. Then the work force was successfully reduced with the understanding of the brotherhoods and employers by 57 % through redundancies. Productivity increased by 75 % . ( Griffin and Svenson, 1998 ) This incident showed that non merely the Labor Government worked jointly with brotherhoods but was besides had policies of restructuring and globalization of the Australian economic system, which was accompanied by efforts to soften the impacts on vulnerable group through mark income security and labor market plans. The Howard Liberal authorities came to power holding committedness to better efficiency and labour market by re-building Industrial Relationship Act, they scheme was to altering AWA act to accomplish this their introduced Workplace Relation Act ( 1996 ) , After the implement of the act. The under act ( AWAs.s170VF ) contain Individual Bargaining, which was clearest look desire to avoid external intervention, from the 3rd parties, like brotherhoods. For first clip in Australian history an single employee can contend against his employers in affair affecting any in justness of any sort done to him/her at the workplace. The Liberal Party s industrial policy plan obviously stated: There will no range of uninvited brotherhood intercession to thwart AWAs # 8230 ; . , AWAs will help in developing common intent a common intent between employers and employees for the benefits of all ( Reith,1965:5 ) . The monopoly held by the brotherhood from this clip onwards had ended. Australian Industrial Relation ( AIRC ) was eradicated.187AA and s.124 of the WRA which prevents an employer paying work stoppage wage and prevents the AIRC hearing these affairs. Like Mr. Howard s reassurance that no worker would be worse off. Labor Government legislative amendment 1992 began peculiar changed relationship bargaining and mandatory arbitration and between corporate understandings and awards further 1993 weaken the enfranchisement list by presenting the construct of the non-disadvantage trial. This list ensures that award status traded for wage rise, if there is no error done by an employee. WRA ( 1996 ) is in favour of employers instead than employees but it is against brotherhoods which was the chief motivation when Broad Government came into power, it acquire everything what they got against brotherhoods. In decision the Waterfront difference has been a biggest measure in reforming AIRC act, the loss of the Patrick, Broad Government and NFF was set back. The most of import thing was the solidarity which the MUA members hold on together till the triumph. We learn that Labor authorities were one of the first authorities in Australia to take measure against deconcentrating of brotherhoods in Australia, which were so followed by Broad authorities to take much more agitative base against brotherhoods. Equally, while the Australian brotherhood motion has won this conflict, the battle between capital and labor will go on.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
The Road To Existentialism Isolation is a state of separation: a physical or emotional separation from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s surroundings. In Albert CamusÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Å"The GuestÃ¢â¬ the main character is isolated in his environment as well as his relations with others that come into his life. The imagery and descriptive style of the story demonstrate the underlying theme of isolation, as well as the main character, DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s existential traits. The vastness and simplicity of the setting creates a perfect environment for an Existentialist: one who stresses the need for complete freedom and isolation from all that surrounds him. When the story begins, the readers are pulled into the Ã¢â¬Å"vast expanse of the high, deserted plateauÃ¢â¬ (1246). The region is described as Ã¢â¬Å"cruel to live in, even without menÃ¢â¬ (1298). The landscape consists of snow covered rocks and a dark, dull sky. Although Daru is a teacher, he is alone in his schoolhouse due to heavy snow. He takes comfort in his Ã¢â¬Å"white washed walls, his narrow couch, his unpainted shelvesÃ¢â¬ (1248) which showcase the blandness, the coldness of his nature. DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s solitude is interrupted by a prisoner whom he must deliver to jail the following day. He does not seem threatened by having a murderer sleep near him, but more so by the fact that there is another being in DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s presence. He is hospitable and kind, yet keeps his distance from the prisoner and barely communicates with him. At night, Daru lies awake, in the silence that Ã¢â¬Å"seemed painful to himÃ¢â¬ (1252). On the day of their departure, Daru decides to let the prisoner take his trip alone. Although it appears that Daru has the prisoner in mind, he just yearns to go back to his solitude and not be forced with a moral decision and have the responsibility of delivering the prisoner. As Daru heads back to his solemn schoolhouse he Ã¢â¬Å"fe... Free Essays on The Guest Free Essays on The Guest The Road To Existentialism Isolation is a state of separation: a physical or emotional separation from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s surroundings. In Albert CamusÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Å"The GuestÃ¢â¬ the main character is isolated in his environment as well as his relations with others that come into his life. The imagery and descriptive style of the story demonstrate the underlying theme of isolation, as well as the main character, DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s existential traits. The vastness and simplicity of the setting creates a perfect environment for an Existentialist: one who stresses the need for complete freedom and isolation from all that surrounds him. When the story begins, the readers are pulled into the Ã¢â¬Å"vast expanse of the high, deserted plateauÃ¢â¬ (1246). The region is described as Ã¢â¬Å"cruel to live in, even without menÃ¢â¬ (1298). The landscape consists of snow covered rocks and a dark, dull sky. Although Daru is a teacher, he is alone in his schoolhouse due to heavy snow. He takes comfort in his Ã¢â¬Å"white washed walls, his narrow couch, his unpainted shelvesÃ¢â¬ (1248) which showcase the blandness, the coldness of his nature. DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s solitude is interrupted by a prisoner whom he must deliver to jail the following day. He does not seem threatened by having a murderer sleep near him, but more so by the fact that there is another being in DaruÃ¢â¬â¢s presence. He is hospitable and kind, yet keeps his distance from the prisoner and barely communicates with him. At night, Daru lies awake, in the silence that Ã¢â¬Å"seemed painful to himÃ¢â¬ (1252). On the day of their departure, Daru decides to let the prisoner take his trip alone. Although it appears that Daru has the prisoner in mind, he just yearns to go back to his solitude and not be forced with a moral decision and have the responsibility of delivering the prisoner. As Daru heads back to his solemn schoolhouse he Ã¢â¬Å"fe...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Implementing Software Development Project Management Best Practices - Essay Example Somerville [1996 - Page 7] explains that successful software development, deployment, testing, deployment and maintenance are all built around four basic precepts : software specification, software development, software validation and software evolution. The obvious way of streamlining the software development process is to make these discrete stages flow into one another in a seamless end-to-end process. This requires, in practice, that the specific methods adopted for Rapid Application Development (RAD) (see (2) below) must be adopted, in order to avoid the hold-ups that always occur when discrete documents have to be updated to take account of changes in user requirements, for example. The greatest obstacle to software development, in practice, is the Ã¢â¬Ëbig bangÃ¢â¬â¢ approach, where all the functionality is supposed to be introduced at once(!). The consensus of the available literature is that this may be charitably described as a recipe for disaster! The best, and therefore most streamlined approach is the incremental one, where software development is carried out in a series of relatively small steps. It is therefore vital that this principle is incorporated within the contract with the client (for a bespoke development) or the vendorÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing and sales departments (for a market-led project) 1. The Waterfall approach. This is where the requirements specification, design specification, test specification, implementation plan and maintenance plan are all produced in sequence as individual work products, and each is approved by the key stakeholders before the next is produced. 2. Evolutionary Development. Here, the specification, development and testing stages are interleaved, beginning with the very rapid development of a prototype system from a very basic specification. This is what us usually meant by Rapid Application Development (RAD). This prototype is then progressively defined with the aid of input from the intended users to produce